Credit: The State Council Information Office, P.R.C
China unveiled its “No. 1 central document” for 2021 on February 21st, stressing efforts to improve the quality of rural education, increase the supply of universal preschool education resources in rural areas, continue to improve the conditions for running township boarding schools, and support necessary rural schools in villages.
According to CGTN, as the first policy statement released by China’s central authorities each year, the document is seen as an indicator of policy priorities. Work on agriculture and rural areas has been high on the agenda for 18 consecutive years.
The document consists of 5 parts, including (1)overall requirements, (2)effective transition from consolidating poverty alleviation outcomes to achieving rural vitalization, (3)accelerate the modernization of agriculture, (4)accelerate rural vitalization, (5)enhance the leadership of the Communist Party of China (CPC) on work related to agriculture, rural areas, and farmers.
In the fourth part, the document states to improve public service delivery in rural areas. Besides the key points mentioned at the very beginning of this piece, a number of high schools and secondary vocational schools will be established, and the construction of “Urban and Rural School Community” will be accelerated.
To help farmers develop employment competitiveness and entrepreneurial capacity, the document stresses efforts to develop skills training and promote industry and education integration. Moreover, online education for rural learners will also be facilitated. And China will also invest more in constructing agriculture-related colleges and universities, vocational colleges, and disciplines.
As for accelerating the modernization of agriculture, the document proposes that in terms of advancing the construction of a modern agricultural management system, China will support cultivating high-quality farmers, as well as conduct skills assessment, provide academic education and organize skills competitions specifically for farmers.