China's birth rate dropped below 1% in 2020
2021-11-24 14:42:44

Recently, the National Bureau of Statistics published the China Statistical Yearbook(2021). According to the Yearbook, China's total population reached 1.412 billion by the end of 2020, a net increase of 2.04 million over 2019, significantly lower than 4.67 million in 2019 and 5.3 million in 2018. 

In 2020, the birth rate dropped below 1% for the first time, to 0.852%, and the natural population growth rate was less than 0.2%.  Among the total population, 17.9% were aged 0-14, 68,6% were within the 15–64 age bracket, and the remaining 13% were 65 years and over. 

The urban population constantly grew, reaching 902 million, while the rural population declined to 509 million in 2020.

As for education, nearly 94.16 million of the total population have earned a bachelor's degree or above. 

In 2019, the central and state governments' appropriations for education totaled 416.74 trillion yuan and 4,601.07 trillion yuan, respectively. The statistics for 2020 is not presented in the Yearbook. Still, data released by MOE in April 2021 indicates that the total appropriations for education in 2020 were 5,301.4 trillion yuan, up 5.65% of that in 2019. 

As for full-time teachers at schools, statistics show that 1.83 million were in higher education institutions, 1.93 million in senior high schools, 3.96 million in junior high schools, and 6.43 million in primary schools. In terms of the corresponding number of students, in 2020, 32.85 million were in college and junior college, 24.94 million were in senior high schools, 49.14 million were in junior high school, and 107.25 million were in primary schools.

The Yearbook shows that the net enrollment rate of primary-school-age children was 100%, that of primary school students was 99.5%, and that of middle school students was 94.6%.

Additionally, in 2020, 1.24 million left-behind children in rural areas have received pre-school education, 8.54 million were in primary schools, and 4.35 million were in junior high schools. Among the children whose parents were rural migrant workers living with them in cities, 1.66 million received pre-school education, 10.34 million were in primary schools, and 3.95 million were in junior high schools.

In 2020, gross national income(GNI) was 100.88 trillion yuan, a rise of 2.50 trillion yuan over 2019, with per capita GNI of 71,500 yuan and per capita disposable income of 32,189 yuan. China's GDP was 101.60 trillion yuan, an increase of 2.95 trillion yuan over 2019, with a per capita GDP of 72,000 yuan. The per capita consumption expenditure of urban and rural residents on education, culture, and entertainment were 9.6% and 0.5%, respectively. 

Related Articles